The shoulder joint is the most movable joint in the human body, allowing you to reach up, out, down, and move in a range of motion. Athletes involved in nearly every sport depend on their shoulders to catch, swing, dive, and perform a variety of movements. Three bones come together to form the joint – the shoulder blade (scapula), collarbone (clavicle), and upper arm (humerus). Muscles, tendons, and ligaments all hold the shoulder together. The shoulder joint is prone to become unstable because the ball joint at the top of the humerus is actually larger than the socket that holds it.
Because of its flexibility and movement, the shoulder can be a primary location for sports injuries. Damage to the rotator cuff (muscles, tendons, and ligaments holding the joint together) is the most common shoulder injury.
Common Shoulder Injuries
- Rotator cuff injury
- Shoulder dislocation
- Shoulder dystocia
- Shoulder instability
- Shoulder labral tear
- Shoulder sprain
- Shoulder tendonitis
- Shoulder tendinopathy
- Shoulder tendinosis
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