Many heart conditions can be treated quickly and effectively with minimally invasive procedures by our skilled interventional cardiologists. You can be confident that the experienced heart care professionals at HCA Midwest Health will provide you with safe, effective treatment using the latest technology. Read on for a brief description of the interventional cardiology treatments we offer.
A stent is a small, mesh-like device made of metal. Your doctor places a stent inside a coronary artery in order to support the artery and improve blood flow. To place a stent, your cardiologist will make an incision in your groin, arm or neck, and then thread a catheter (thin, flexible tube) through your veins. This catheter will have a tiny deflated balloon on its tip. Once the cardiologist reaches the location where the stent needs to be placed, the balloon is inflated. While this artery is opened up with the balloon, the stent is placed.
Minimally Invasive Approach: Radial Artery Access
If possible, your doctor may recommend that your stent be performed using radial artery access, which is a minimally invasive approach in which the catheter is inserted through your wrist. In order to qualify for this procedure, you must have good blood supply to your hands through both the radial artery and the ulnar artery. To perform this type of stent procedure, the cardiologist will insert the catheter through the radial artery in the wrist. The catheter is threaded through your body’s network of arteries in the arm, into the chest and eventually reaching the heart.
In this type of procedure, your cardiologist will expand a tiny balloon at the end of the catheter in order to open narrowed arteries in your heart, which helps to improve blood flow. An angioplasty is typically used to treat coronary artery disease (CAD), and is performed in conjunction with the placement of a cardiac stent.
Complex High-Risk Interventional Procedures
When other treatment options are not enough for patients with serious heart conditions, we offer complex high-risk interventional procedures for treatment. Read more about the Cardio Thoracic Surgery and Vascular Surgery options we offer our patients.
Chronic Total Occlusion
Chronic total occlusion (CTO) is the total blockage of a coronary artery for longer than three months, which is caused by heavy plaque buildup. In order to treat this condition, your doctor will gently steer special guide wires and catheters across the blockages in order to improve blood flow of the artery.
Chronic Total Occlusion Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (CTO PCI) is a procedure that allows a physician to approach the blockage from multiple complimentary ways. This procedure uses a combination of advanced imaging procedures and the next generation of tiny coronary equipment. It is minimally invasive so most patients can go home the next day. This revolutionary procedure has been able to successfully reverse symptoms and improve heart function for patients who thought they had run out of options.
Patent Foramen Ovale Occlusion (PFO)
Patent foramen ovale occlusion (PFO) is the most common type of atrial septal defect (ASD), which is a hole in the wall of the heart that separates the left and right atria. A PFO is a congenital (present at birth) condition that your cardiologist will likely correct with surgery to close the hole.
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR)
With aging can come the narrowing of the aortic valve, a major valve of the heart. Traditionally, patients would require open-heart surgery to replace the valve. But such an invasive surgery can present dangers for frail or elderly patients.
Trans Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) can replace a patient’s aortic valve through an incision in the leg. With clinical trials illustrating the successes of TAVR, doctors are now starting to use this method for patients who are younger and at lower risk.