What is Heart Ablation?
Cardiac ablation is a minimally invasive, painless and low-risk procedure used to treat or cure several heart rhythm disorders. During the procedure, your electrophysiologist will insert one or more catheters (a thin, flexible tube) into a blood vessel in your groin. Then they will guide them up to your heart. Energy is then used to scar the tissue causing your abnormal heart rate.
Ablations can be divided into two general categories:
- Simple ablations – These are procedures that treat the one spot in the heart that created the abnormal rhythm. This type of ablation has been performed for over two decades
- Complex ablations – These are procedures where multiple spots in the heart are treated. They are typically longer, more involved procedures
At KCHRI we use various methods of ablation including:
- Radiofrequency ablation – Heat energy is used to destroy the cells causing the issue
- Cryoablation – Extreme cold is used to destroy the cells causing the arrhythmia
- New technologies available through clinical trials
You will be under general anesthesia when undergoing the procedure.
Time to complete procedure – about 2-4 hours
The electrophysiologists at the Kansas City Heart Rhythm Institute use leading-edge technology to deliver state-of-the-art care with the best possible patient outcomes. The use of these technologies can increase accuracy, one of the most important factors in the success of ablation. These cutting-edge technologies can help to:
- improve success rates
- decrease procedure time
- reduce radiation exposure
- lessen the possibility of complications
At KCHRI we use:
- 3D mapping– These systems are used to create a three dimensional image of the patient’s heart and pinpoint the exact location of the catheter. They can also provide real time data so physicians can easily monitor patients during the procedure and can confirm that the ablation has been successful at blocking the electrical conduction
- Robotic Catheter Navigation (Robotic Stereotaxis mapping and catheter ablation system)– These systems use two powerful magnets to maneuver catheters and perform highly detailed mapping and ablation of an arrhythmia. These systems are especially valuable when treating heart rhythm disorders related to adult congenital heart disease, ventricular arrhythmias or other arrhythmias that may begin in complex or hard to reach areas of the heart