If you need heart surgery, you want to know you’re in the hands of the an experienced heart care team like HCA Midwest Health. The cardiothoracic surgery options we offer are described below.
Aortic stent grafting
If you have an aortic aneurysm, your cardiologist may recommend that you get an aortic stent graft in order to support the weak or bulging area of your aorta. In this procedure, a fabric tube supported by metal wire stents is placed inside your aorta to provide reinforcement so blood can pass through the area without causing pressure on the aneurysm.
Aortic valve replacement
If you have aortic stenosis, your cardiologist may recommend that you undergo aortic valve replacement. In this procedure, your damaged valve is removed and an artificial valve is put in its place. Typically, aortic valve replacement is done via open-heart surgery. Sometimes, a more minimally invasive approach will be an option, such as using a catheter (long, thin tube) to perform the replacement.
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)
Your doctor may recommend you undergo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) if you have heart disease or atherosclerosis. CABG helps to restore blood flow to the heart by taking blood vessels from other areas of the body to create a new route for blood to flow around the areas affected by the heart condition.
Heart valve repair
If your heart valves have been diseased or damaged, your doctor may recommend that you undergo a heart valve repair procedure. The goal of this type of procedure is to cure or improve the problem by restoring function of your heart valves.
Heart valve replacement
If your heart valves are narrowed, loose, infected or otherwise abnormal due to a congenital (present at birth) condition and they cannot be repaired, your cardiologist may recommend that you undergo heart valve replacement. In this procedure, the valve that is not properly functioning is replaced with a new valve that can be made of metal and plastic (mechanical), or made of pig, cow or human tissue.
Mitral valve replacement
When the mitral valve—located on the right side of the heart—is not functioning properly due to disease or deterioration, it may need to be replaced via a mitral valve replacement procedure. The mitral valve allows blood flow from the left upper chamber of the heart to the left lower chamber, and its proper function is very important.
Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass (CAB)
A relatively new type of coronary artery bypass grafting, the surgeon performs an off-pump coronary artery bypass (CAB) without having to do a cardiopulmonary bypass, which requires using a heart-lung machine to temporarily suspend heart function. Instead, the surgeon can now stabilize portions of the heart during surgery. An off-pump CAB leads to improved function of the heart in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).
Patent Foramen Ovale (PFO) and Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Closure
A patent foramen ovale (PFO) occurs when there is a hole between the left atria and the right atria of the heart, which allows blood to flow between these two areas. An atrial septal defect (ASD) means that there is a hole in the part of the septum that separates the atria, the upper chambers of the heart. An ASD causes blood to flow from the left atrium to the right atrium instead of flowing to the left ventricle, as it should. Both PFO and ASD are congenital (present at birth) conditions.
In a procedure to close either a PFO or an ASD, the surgeon will thread a catheter (long, thin tube) into an incision, through the veins and into the heart. Once in the septum, the surgeon will open a tiny umbrella-like device at the end of the catheter that will serve to close the hole.
Minimally invasive lung cancer surgery
If you have lung cancer that requires surgical intervention, you may qualify for minimally invasive lung cancer surgery. Depending on your condition, overall health and other factors, your cardio-thoracic surgeon may recommend video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) or robotic thoracic surgery to treat or manage your lung cancer.