(Varicose Veins of the Scrotum—Child)
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- Painless swelling in the scrotum
- Enlarged or twisted veins in the scrotum—You will be able to see or feel a varicocele. It is an enlarged or twisted vein in the scrotum. You may also see shrinkage of the testicles. Varicoceles typically change in size and are larger when standing or straining. Varicoceles occur more commonly on the left side.
- Ultrasound —a test that uses sound waves to examine the contents of the scrotum
- Urine tests
- Open surgery—The vein is surgically cut and tied off.
- Catheter ablation—Heat is applied through a catheter to destroy the vein.
- Catheter embolization—A substance is placed in the vein to block it.
- Laparoscopy —This involves the use of a thin, lighted tube inserted into the abdomen to view the vessels in the body as they lead to the testicle.
American Society for Reproductive Medicine http://www.asrm.org/
American Urological Association http://www.auanet.org/
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca/
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index%5Fe.html/
DynaMed Editors. Varicocele. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated June 2009. Accessed July 27, 2009.
Mayo Clinic. Varicocele. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/Varicocele/DS00618 . Updated July 8, 2010. Accessed November 11, 2010.
Tekgul S, Riedmiller H, Gerharz E, et al. Varicocele in children and adolescents. Guidelines on paediatric urology. European Association of Urology . 2009;23-25.
Wein A, ed. Campbell-Walsh Urology . 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, Elsevier; 2007.
- Reviewer: Kari Kassir, MD
- Review Date: 06/2012 -
- Update Date: 00/60/2012 -